Five good Rules for the QRPer

thanks to lars oz1bzm

Peter Ve3HG can confirm that you can work a ton of DX in contests with just 5 watts. Sure it takes a bit of skill but its worth it

Five good Rules for the QRPer

During my years as a QRP operator, I have gained some experience. On this page, I would like to share this experience. My main interest in QRP are CW and DX. The rules below will reflect this scope.

§ 1 Avoid a defensive attitude

  • I can’t work DX using only 5 watts and a wire dipole
  • I have to be grateful for achieving just a few contacts with QRP
  • It is impossible to participate in a contest with QRP

Do these expressions sound familiar? My experience negates them all. A defensive attitude is a big enemy of QRPing. In fact, you can have a lot of fun and work a lot of DX with flea power. The only difference between QRP and ‘normal’ power (100 W or more) is your signal strength. Your QRP signal will always be 2-3 S-units weaker than the ‘normal’ signal. This means, that under some (bad) conditions, 5 W is simply not enough to establish communication, where the guy using 100 W will be succesful. Having said this, all other factors are equal. Your receiver, your antenna, your proficiency in CW, your knowledge and experience regarding propagation are 1:1 comparable with your QRO counterparts.

My point is: Avoid a defensive attitude due to using QRP. Do not be selfconscious using QRP. Weak performance is not reflected in the power level. Weak performance is being a bad operator, lacking propagation knowledge or transmitting bad sounding signals.

§ 2 Learn and use CW

CW is the preferred mode for most QRPers. Set yourself a personal goal: I want to be a skilled CW operator. This requires practising, both off-air and on the bands. It took several years for me to acquire the needed skills. A good off-air training program after having passed the morse test is a very good idea. You set your own speed both in sending and receiving, and you feel safe because no one hears your mistakes. A complementary way of practising is to be on the air. This part gives you operational skills. You will learn to deal with interference and fading and to read unorthodox (i.e. bad) CW, which is sent by some stations.

§ 3 Listen carefully

Listen carefully on the bands and identify every station you hear. Listen both for the strong and the weak stations. I am often pleasently surprised when getting a response from a weak station which I call. If you are the only station on his frequency, your signal strength is not important.

European stations like me are often fooled into not calling a weak DX-station because we hear loud local stations nearby. We believe, that our signal is too weak for the DX-station to hear. But the DX-station may not hear the same as we do, because the loud locals may beam towards us and may not even be heard by the DX-station. So don’t avoid the weak DX-signals. Give them a call!

§ 4 Participate in contests

Is DX more difficult to work in contests than in normal operation? No. My experience is, that a major contest brings you more DX-opportunities during 48 hours than several months of normal hunting on the bands. Contest participation is recommended if you want to increase your country total quickly. The rare (or semi-rare) countries are easier to work in a contest, because the pile-ups are smaller, especially on the second day.

Some hints for those having little experience in contesting but wanting to increase their country total:

  • Try a minor contest before targeting a major. Here in Europe, the bi-yearly “Original QRP Contest” is a fine place to start. The pace is human, the tone is friendly and only a few hundred QRPers participate.
  • Hunt for new countries and for unconfirmed countries. Don’t worry about your eventual low score.
  • Don’t be afraid of a station sending fast CW. Take your time to read the call and the contest exchange. Write down the serial number. When you jump in, you know what number you will be given. Send your contest exchange at a comfortable speed without errors.
  • Change band according to the propagation. Choosing the right band at the right time is a science in itself. But a multiband effort will probably increase your chances of success.
  • Be active on both days of the contest. Saturday may show good propagation while Sunday yields bad results or vice versa.
  • Submit your log in the QRP class or as a checklog.

§ 5 Build your own equipment

The proudness being on the air using a piece of homemade equipment can not be described. It is a really good feeling. You should allow yourself to experience this. In these days of “credit-card-bying-power”, nothing beats to control airwaves by your very own homebuilt equipment. Let me suggest a watt-meter, an antenna-tuner, a transmitter or even a complete transceiver! The Rock-Mite is one example of a simple transceiver for the 20 meter band.


Operating: How do I avoid weak performance on the air?

Generally, it is not necessary to sign /QRP when calling a station. If he hears you, you will usually get an answer. Your callsign, your clean and pleasant sounding signal and your good operating technique are more important than your signal strength. An exception: Sometimes it is an advantage adding /QRP to your call in order to attract attention!

When the initial contact is established, it is not necessary for the QRPer to send his report, name and QTH three or more times. Under normal band conditions, this info should be sent once or twice. If repeating unnecessarily, you anticipate your signal being difficult to read. If it actually is difficult to read, the other station will tell you by requesting the missing information.

The same applies to contest exchanges. Send exactly the same short exchange as the high-power operators. Again, if something doesn’t get across, the other station will request it.

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Wayne Green, W2NSD (“Never Say Die”) RIP

Thanks to Doug Grant

Many hams will remember  Wayne was editor of CQ magazine for a while, then started 73 magazine and was easily the most colorful and controversial character in ham radio in the 60s and into the 70s. Wayne died on Friday, September 13, 2013. He was 91.

He championed many of the technology advances in ham radio, including the adoption of single sideband (SSB) for HF voice, and FM via repeaters on VHF and UHF. He installed one of the first 2-meter FM repeaters in New England. 73 magazine included lots of construction articles in the early years of the IC industry, often featuring interesting new chips hitting the market including phase-locked-loops, timers, tone decoders, and the like. Wayne was openly critical of the ARRL, and provided a counterpoint to pretty much everything the league did. His editorials, often lengthy and rambling, were polarizing. Readers either completely agreed or completely disagreed. Nobody was in the middle.

Wayne embraced the personal computer when it first emerged on the scene. He was involved with, or created many of the early magazines focused on microcomputers, including Byte,HotCoCo, 80 Micro, Kilobaud Microcomputing, RUN, InCider, and Pico. He also founded a magazine devoted to the compact disc in the early days of that music format called CD Review. As his interests wandered to other technologies, he started magazines such as Cold Fusion. Many of these magazines were started in the area around Peterborough, NH, where Green lived for many years.

In his later years, Green became interested in a wide range of subjects and expressed his opinion in blogs on his website and occasional books. His interests included health and nutrition, education, energy, and politics (he ran for vice president in the New Hampshire primary in 1964 and 2008). Some of his positions and opinions have been considered out of the mainstream. Regardless, he expressed his positions passionately and eloquently. The last entry in the blog on his website reads, appropriately,

“Wayne Green passed away this morning in a peaceful, painless transition from this life on Earth. An eternal optimist, and one who loved to share his neverending zest for life, he was a friend to many and will be missed greatly. Wayne was not afraid of dying and was very much ready to embark on his next great adventure to the afterlife.”

Four Days in May QRP ARCI Meet Up 2015 at Dayton

This is the big QRP event and the buildathon is a key component to the fun

QRP_ARCI_Logofull_badge-optimized-compressedKidsKit1

DONT MISS BUILDATHON

Friday 15 May 2015
3.30pm – 8.00pm

Once again the Buildathon will be hosted by Rex Harper W1REX !

This year Buildathon will be held on Friday afternoon/evening. Start time is flexible to cater for those returning from the Hamvention. You can start your project between 3.30pm and 5.30pm. It ends at 8.00pm but will probably continue until everyone has completed their project.

The Buildathon is a group build of a small project that can be completed in around 2 – 3 hours (depending on experience). Beginners are particularly encouraged and there will be plenty of people around to help.

This year the project is to build 4 items of useful test equipment –

  • a simple and compact RF probe
  • a dummy load with RF power measurement
  • a multi-band crystal controlled signal generator
  • a simple RF frequency counter

Anyone can participate in Buildathon.
Registration is just $35, this includes the project kits, elmering during the Buildathon AND the now infamous Buildathon Pizza Party at 5.30pm !

To register visit the QRP.me Buildathon page

Wednesday 13th May 2015

Registration opens (7.30pm)
Pick up badges and goody bags,
meet old friends and make new ones !

Thursday 14th May 2015

Registration opens (7.30am)
Seminars (8.50am – 5.15pm)
Eric Swartz, WA6HHQ
Jay Slough, K4ZLE
George Dobbs, G3RJV
Paul Darlington, M0XPD
Mike Bryce, WB8VGE
Glen Popiel, KW5GP

Vendor Evening (8pm – 10pm)
‘Meet the Speakers’ (8pm – 10pm)

Friday 15th May 2015

Buses to Hamvention (7.30am – 9.30am)
Buses back to hotel (3.30pm – 5.30pm)

Buildathon (3.30pm – 8.00pm)
QRP Club Night (8pm – 10pm)
Show and Tell (8pm – 10pm)
Homebrew Competition (8pm – 10pm)

Saturday 16th May 2015

Buses to Hamvention (7.30am – 9.30am)
Buses back to hotel (3.30pm – 5.30pm)
Grand Banquet, Awards Ceremony
and Door Prizes (7.30pm – 10pm)

Dayton 2015 DMR Pop Up Repeater Info

Enjoy the Pop Up repeater

K4USD 442.175 +5 MHz, Color Code 1

(c-Bridge Partner of DMR-MARC)

TS1 TG1-WW (PTT)
TS1 TG3-NA
TS1 TG13-WWE
TS1 TG10-WWG (PTT)
TS1 TG117-WW Nordic(PTT)
TS1 TG113- UA English 1
TS1 TG123- UA English 2
TS2 TG2-Local (USD Net)
TG2 TG9-Local Rpt
TS2 TG3139-OH State
TS2 TG3169-MW Regional
TS2 TG3100-Bridge (PTT)
TS2 TG8951-TAC 1 (PTT)
TS2 TG310-TAC 310 (PTT)
TS2 TG311-TAC 311 (PTT)
TS2 TG9998-Parrot (PTT)
TS2 TG9999-NoCal Audio Test (PTT)